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Passive solar greenhouses in Mongolia to defy cold winters (long version)

© GERES – 2017

Directed by Ariunsanaa Ganbaatar and Khasar Sandag

With the financial support of Fondation Louis Dreyfus


Mongolia has the lowest population density in the world. Its extreme climatic conditions pose daunting challenges for human life and activity. In the early 90s, Mongolia underwent a transition to a privatized economy, which led to mass closure of factories, resulting in widespread unemployment and also a significant drop in farm production due to the collapse of subsidized collective agriculture. The present intense rural exodus is creating new socio-economic challenges and new forms of poverty (especially in Ulaanbaatar where almost half of the population lives). These changes have led the Mongolian people to modify their diet and the vegetable consumption is increasing quickly.

Despite the active promotion of vegetable growing by the government, domestic production supplies only half the country’s needs, making Mongolia highly dependent on imports. However, the vegetable growing sector could create job opportunities and address the need for fresh and good-quality vegetables in the country.

GERES has been present in Mongolia since August 2010 to help develop the production of vegetables in urban and rural areas through the implementation of innovative technical solutions to extend the growing season (passive solare greenhouses) and improve the storing of vegetables (bioclimatic cellars) in order to help families make savings. These techniques are adapted to the local context and designed to be built directly by the producers.

More info on the project:…

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Post Series: Mongolia
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